Foot and ankle pain is a very common challenge. The human foot is comprised of 26 bones and 33 joints. There are hundreds of muscles, ligaments, and nerves.
Common Causes of Foot and Ankle Pain:
- Stress Fractures
- Bone Spurs
- Achilles Tendinitis
- Tarsal Tunnel
The causes of foot pain are divided into two categories: structural or neuropathic.
Structural Foot and Ankle Pain:
There are so many different structures in the foot and ankle, so many abnormalities can occur. Common structural abnormalities include Achilles tendinitis, bone spurs, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and stress fractures.
Achilles tendinitis is the inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which is located above the heel. Achilles tendinitis is the usually the result of participation in sports that commonly utilize the ankles and calf muscles, such as dancing, running, football, or basketball.
Bone spurs, or osteophytes, are bony projections that develop along the edges of the bones in your feet. Bone spurs are commonly the result of arthritis, which can be very irritating to the surrounding nerves, causing a significant amount of pain.
Osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown and loss of cartilage in the joints. This is very common among older individuals and can severely impact the quality of one’s life.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks normal joint tissue, resulting in severe deformities and pain.
Stress Fractures are tiny fractures that occur in the bones of the ankle and feet. They are commonly caused by overuse or improper physical training.
Treatments for Structural Food and Ankle Pain Include:
• Non-Steroid Anti-Inflammatories (NSAIDS)
• Opioid Medications
• Physical Therapy
• Splinting or Casting
• Steroid Injections
Neuropathic Foot and Ankle Pain:
Foot and ankle pain can also be neuropathic. Common causes for neuropathic foot and ankle pain include Morton’s neuroma, peripheral neuropathy, RSD, and lumbar radiculitis.
Morton’s neuroma is the irritation and swelling of the tissue surrounding a nerve, commonly located between the third and fourth toes.
Peripheral neuropathy is the inflammation of the peripheral nerves in the lower extremities and stem from multiple causes, including infections, diabetes mellitus, and vitamin deficiencies.
CRPS, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, an abnormal neuropathic response commonly caused by an injury to the foot or ankle. Symptoms of include redness, swelling, and temperature changes.
Lumbar radiculitis is pain caused by nerve root impingement of the lumbar spine.
Treatments for Neuropathic Food and Ankle Pain Include:
- Medications Including Lyrica (pregabalin), Neurontin (gabapentin), and Cymbalta (duloxetine).
- Epidural Steroid Injections
- Sympathetic Blockade
- Physical Therapy
- Spinal Cord Stimulation
At the Regenerative Institute of Newport Beach we offer state-of-the-art surgical and non-surgical treatments for chronic pain and rehabilitation. In addition to osteopathic non-surgical medicine, our team offers solutions for arthritis, neck and back pain, knee pain, hip pain, shoulder pain, elbow, wrist, and joint pain, foot and ankle pain, fibromyalgia, headaches, and more.
The Regenerative Institute of Newport Beach and Dr. Khyber Zaffarkhan are located in the jewel of Southern California, Newport Beach. This location allows Dr. Zaffarkhan and our team to proudly serve the greater Orange County, Los Angeles, and Southern California areas, including Pasadena, Long Beach, Huntington Beach, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Malibu, and San Diego.
For more information on the best Newport Beach pain management specialist please contact our Concierge Patient Coordinator at (949) 438-1888 or firstname.lastname@example.org.